You can make money raising commercial layers

You can make money raising commercial layers. This poultry house is designed to accommodate 200 birds. If more than 200 birds will be kept, the length of the house can be extended by 3.9 meters for every 100 layers. The materials indicated can however be replaced by any alternatives available in your locality if convenient and less costly.

For example off-cuts can be replaced by bricks and cedar posts by ordinary tree poles. The space where wire mesh is used for ventilation can be altered according to local climatic conditions.

One assumption is that there exists a room that can be used for rearing the chicks and another available as a store for feeds and other poultry materials.

This venture is especially suitable for those in the urban and peri-urban areas because it does not require vast land and the market exists nearby. Many youth groups formed by developmental organizations can take advantage and raise commercial layers for financial gains.

House plan and design

Front view

Layers house front view

Side view

Layers house side view

Ground plan

Layers house ground plan

Cost of materials and construction

Materials Required

Units

Qty

Cost (Kshs)

Total (Kshs)

2 m long corrugated iron sheets

No

40

800

32,000

Wire netting

roll

1

5000

5,000

Ballast

7 tonnes load

1

3000

3,000

Sand

7 tonnes load

1

9000

9,000

Cement

bags

7

900

6,300

Rails (3’ x 2’)

feet

400

30

12,000

Rails (2’ x 2’)

feet

400

30

12,000

Cedar posts

No

30

200

6,000

Off-cuts

pieces

150

120

18,000

Suitable material for deep litter e.g. wood shavings

load

1

1000

1,000

Labour cost @ 30% of construction materials

     

31,290

Total

     

135,590

 

Poultry equipment

Feeders

Feeders are distributed at one round feeder per 25 birds. Therefore 8 feeders are required for each batch of 200 birds. Each round feeder goes at Kshs 600. Cost = Kshs. 4,800.

Waterers

Waterers are distributed alternately between feeders therefore 8 are required for a batch of 200 birds. Each feeder goes at Kshs 600. Cost = Kshs. 4,800.

Laying nests

One box for every four birds is enough. Dimensions should be 12 inches base diameter and 8 inches high walls on the lower end and 12 inches on the higher end. These are usually made of wood. A slanted roof to deter buildup of manure should be placed over the nest boxes to ensure comfort and privacy to the birds.

Timber size

Length

Unit cost

Total cost

12” x 1”

200

30

6,000

8” x 1”

100

30

3,000

Total

 

 

9,000

Perches or roosts

Chickens prefer to roost at night on perches. Perching space of 15 to 20 cm should be allowed for each bird. The cross-section of each perch bar should be 2 to 3 cm.

 

No

Unit price

Total cost

12’ Rafters

140

40

5,600

Round poles

10

120

1,200

 

 

 

6,800

Egg trays

Assuming a laying percentage of 90%, 6 egg trays are required for each batch of 200 birds. Cost = 600.

Poultry Feeds

Chicks

4 (70 kg bag) bags of chick mash per month for 17 weeks (about 4 months).

Cost = 4 x 4 x 3,300 = 52,800/=.

Layers

8 (70 kg bag) bags of layers mash per month for 200 layers. Cost is 2500 x 8 = Kshs 20,000 per month

NB: You need to verify these prices because feed prices have been changing very fast and depend on locality.

Total cost

Item

Total cost

House construction

135,590

Poultry equipment

26,000

Poultry feeds - chicks

52,800

Poultry feed – layers (1 year)

160,000

Labour @ Kshs. 3000 pm

36,000

Veterinary costs

3,000

Total

413,390

 

Returns

Year 1

Assuming laying percentage at 90%

200 birds x 90% x 8 Mo x 30 days x 8 Kshs/egg = 345,600

Year 2

Assume laying percent of 80%

200 birds x 80% x 12 months x 30 days x 8 Kshs/egg = 460,800

Assuming 80% survival rate

Sale of spent chicken @ Kshs 400 per bird = 200 x 80% x 400 = 64,000

Cash flow

 

Year 1

Year 2

House construction

135,590

0

Poultry equipment

26,000

0

Poultry feeds - chicks

52,800

0

Poultry feed – layers (1 year)

160,000

240,000

Labour @ Kshs. 3000 pm

36,000

36,000

Veterinary expenses

3,000

3,000

Total cost

413,390

279,000

Sales of eggs

345,600

460,800

Sale of spent chicken

0

64,000

Net

-67,790

+245,800

What you can do to cut costs

Obviously the first would be to rent a house instead of constructing one. This will reduce your cost by Kshs 148,070 save for monthly rents for the two years. Besides relying on a temporary structure, the other disadvantage is that you have no control over the housing therefore some house improvements might not be possible. Alternatively you can construct a cheaper house using cheaper materials, and opting for an earth floor.

Finally, other than the financial profits you can get from this endeavour there is also the other benefit which most people do not consider; the vast experience you will get over the two year period in rearing layers for commercial purposes. Well you can try this at home.


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Comments   

 
Susan Macharia
0 # Susan Macharia 2012-02-16 16:45
What alternatives means of getting feeds for prospective farmers given the high cost of commercial feeds currently.
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David Fadeyi
+1 # David Fadeyi 2012-03-25 17:18
I am young Nigerian who is so much interested in business especially Poultry. but of recent, my passion had been for rearing of Layers for commercial purposes. I will therefopre be so much excited if you could grant me a rear privilege of Training both in Theory and in Practical. thank you so much for the few articles i got via this site...............i shall be awaiting your kind responses on this soonest.
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Daniel Odhiambo
0 # Daniel Odhiambo 2013-06-01 10:25
It is great to read about you, I am also looking forward on the same business. may you contact me on my email
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kingori
-1 # kingori 2012-03-30 16:19
Thanks a lot for the information .
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Daniel Nderitu
0 # Daniel Nderitu 2012-04-02 05:37
Thnx alot for the information,i'll enlight ma mom to do the say coz am school at the moment.
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Janet Wanjiru
+2 # Janet Wanjiru 2012-04-25 13:04
This is great, i have this passion to become a poultry farmer and all my questions are well answered. i will give a try and i trust in God for success. thank you very much for such an innovation. this is my stepping stone to my financial breakthrogh.
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PRINCE MJAMIU
+3 # PRINCE MJAMIU 2012-04-25 15:15
thanks for d above information. it will really help some of us in this poultry bussiness.

in addition, what are the material that contains in the broiler feeds i.e guide me on how to produce broiler feeds.
better still, what does it required to make broiler feeds.
thnks and God bless
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kimenywa
0 # kimenywa 2014-08-08 17:13
i've done broilers and kenbro and are not comparable. market rates for broilers are pathetic and they feed alot. am doing layers and planning to grow big. there is a ready market for eggs and cannot even exhaust it. the eggs also take a min 2 months to get spoilt giving you enough time to market and sell
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Gregory Sakwa
+1 # Gregory Sakwa 2012-04-30 19:29
Thank you Sir/Madam,
quite informing. I will consider it as am in broilers
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Gregory Sakwa
0 # Gregory Sakwa 2012-04-30 19:30
thank you sir/madam
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McDonald Musyoki
0 # McDonald Musyoki 2012-05-01 21:14
Thanks the its very helpful ,infact am starting next month.
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McDonald Musyoki
0 # McDonald Musyoki 2012-05-01 21:16
thanks for the info infact am starting next month.
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Shadrach Mogire
0 # Shadrach Mogire 2012-05-11 12:26
Thanks for your indiscriminate advice to the world.
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Charles Chisanga
+2 # Charles Chisanga 2012-05-23 10:30
The write up is excellent for new beginners because it gives numbers. Someone can replace the currency with their respective local currency
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charles mukiri kigut
0 # charles mukiri kigut 2012-06-02 21:10
what to do as a starter ,what do ido to aquir starting capital so that i be .
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james  mutwiri rewel
+1 # james mutwiri rewel 2012-06-10 22:33
am on the progress
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Allan Musyoki
+1 # Allan Musyoki 2012-07-27 10:22
Thank you so much for this information!! I have been searching for such information in the internet for quite a while now and I guess persistence has paid off! Really informative I will use these guidelines to start the layers business!!!!
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Peter Gichuku
-1 # Peter Gichuku 2012-08-15 14:53
Hi,Guys,

DO YOU KNOW YOU CAN MAKE YOUR OWN QUALITY AND COST EFFECTIVE FEEDS FOR YOUR POULTRY?

We sell feed formulation and direct you where to buy raw materials near you.

Visit www.formulationgoods.kbo.co.ke
call 0722956647
email
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diana spencer
+1 # diana spencer 2012-08-21 12:52
i must say am very grateful for this information. i have been looking for a plan for chicken house for commercial layers for quite a long time and am glad i have just found a very suitable one.
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Bob Odhiambo
0 # Bob Odhiambo 2012-09-09 15:52
Thanks a lot for this information. You are great.
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samueli
+1 # samueli 2012-09-14 22:27
Thanks for the infor but its a bit exagarated . cost of contruction is too high and the sales you have uder estimated . as a farmer year two doesnt exist unless tyou molt the chickens. another thing is that chicks are fed chickmash for 8 weeks then growers for 10 weeks and finaly layers.
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admin
+1 # admin 2012-09-15 12:46
Samueli, that was a good observation you made.

Chicks and growers mash were lumped together for ease of calculation since they almost have the same price.The cost of construction can be very high in some parts of the country so it was safe to take the highest. Note that growers should be introduced to the layers mash early enough, usually at the 17th week.

Sales can be increased by improving management practices and it is an area farmers should concentrate on.

Whether you opt for one year or two before you dispose off the layers is a choice you can make depending on many factors. Some chicken moult earlier than one year of age and once they moult production decreases significantly and some farmers opt to dispose them off at this time.

The figures provided are general guidelines which take into consideration both extremes. Conditions are not the same and some farmers may realize more profits or even losses.

All that said, your observation is important as it shows farmers that they can make even more money if they did their things right. Thank you.
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kibet  meshak  keter
0 # kibet meshak keter 2012-11-23 12:07
chicken house plan and materials
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nyaga  mwaniki
0 # nyaga mwaniki 2012-11-23 12:10
chicken house plan
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PURITY
-1 # PURITY 2012-12-18 14:38
Thanks, am interested in poultry rearing for layers for commercial, kindly advice on the best breed that will lay fast. thanks
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Loice
0 # Loice 2012-12-19 12:01
Very interesting notes on layers rearing
i have a desire to start rearing layers in future.
Thanks
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gakii
0 # gakii 2012-12-29 21:23
how long do the chicks need heat?
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pascal
0 # pascal 2013-01-09 10:20
Good info. i cant see the cost of chicks
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mildred
0 # mildred 2013-01-28 15:08
thanks for the info av bn thinking of layers for quite a while its elaborate.pse gime the cost of chicks
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admin
+1 # admin 2013-02-01 19:26
Chicks go for between Ksh 95 and 100 per chick in most hatcheries in the country
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florence
0 # florence 2013-01-30 22:05
thanx alot for the good information you are giving to us.
I need your help so much.that know am planning to start a business in poultry for the egg layer but its somewhere in a plot where i do stay whereby the owner have given one side of the plot to build a house for chicken there.how will u advice me to go ahead n start a business there all to look for the better place like a place with a variety of space/land.
I will b glad to here from you.
Thanx alot.
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admin
0 # admin 2013-02-01 19:22
Florence,
Although it is possible to do the business on a rented plot, it is advisable that you look for a more permanent place. You never know what the plot owner might do.
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EDDY NJORO
+1 # EDDY NJORO 2013-01-31 23:11
ANYONE WITH QUESTIONS PLEASE JOIN THE GROUP FARMING KENYA IN FACEBOOK..U WILL B ANSWERED BY EXPERIENCED FARMERS
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Bacha
+1 # Bacha 2013-02-05 14:25
Thanks for the sharing this very important information.
Nevertheless, the returns are actually higher than projected here because:
1. Cost of constructing the house should not be recovered from the first lot. Only a percentage say like 20% since this is a capital investment.
2. The same will apply for poultry equipment.
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huntop
0 # huntop 2013-03-21 04:31
Hi all, Poultry Feeders, Poultry Drinkers, Egg Tray, D-Beaker, Plastic Drinker Stands, Sprinkler System,Poultry Cooling Pad, Poultry Gas Brooder, etc. are much important equipments for poultry and livestock. Huntop Industries Co., Ltd. could produce it to help poultry farmers.
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brenda moraa
0 # brenda moraa 2013-04-06 09:17
hi, I would like to start up in poultry rearing for commercial purposes, can someone kindly advise on the budget, what it will take me?
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Andrew
0 # Andrew 2013-06-14 11:42
www.youtube.com/.../ I think in the cells grow better
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Adeboye oyewale
0 # Adeboye oyewale 2013-07-07 14:25
I am so indeed happy but still need more explanation. Your are weldone.
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Emmanuel  lengishu
0 # Emmanuel lengishu 2013-07-27 20:48
I'm very happy to know about the costs of keeping layer chicks.thanks
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Daniel Nyanueke
+1 # Daniel Nyanueke 2013-08-17 22:06
Very interesting tutorials,keep it up.l have already started with cocks and its amazing.
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frank
+1 # frank 2013-09-05 12:30
[fv]please i would like to know how long does it take for the layeers to start laying eggs i have been rearing my 600 chicken from 10th of march and as am talking now they havent yet started laying eggs they are costing me 12000sh a week and i feel like there is something wrong with them please advice me on how i should go about for them to start laying eggs i have mnet all the requirements given them every vaccine needed and all multivitamine and am havnt changed there feed from the biggining i have been on unga chick mash ,unga growers mash now on unga layers mash please advice you can as well reach me on 0727980639 or 0723332010 thanks inadvance frank lumiti[/fv]
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admin
0 # admin 2013-09-05 21:45
Frank, assuming you started when they were one day old, this should be their this should be their 22nd or 23rd week. Normally chicken should start laying in the 17th to 21st week if feed well and lighting is good. But sometimes they can delay even up to the 28th week.

Commercial feeds though good they at times they have lower protein content. You can take the following steps to remedy the situation.

1. Increase the protein content. Do this by adding 2Kg fishmeal for every 70Kg bag of layers mash.

2. Increase the light duration to 14 hours a day.

3. Incorporate calcium supplements like limestone in the feeds at 0.5kg per 70kg bag.

These measures should be able to put the hens into laying. Inform us of your progress.
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Queenvider
0 # Queenvider 2013-09-10 20:17
Can one use the same housing structure for the local breed of chicken and what would be your advice on say the separation of the brooding hens and the cocks from the laying hens....
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admin
0 # admin 2013-09-10 21:36
This set up is specifically for layers. Modifications would have to be made for local chicken and additional structures will be necessary to facilitate separation of the various categories of chicken from the chicks, growers and adults. Refer to this article on minimum number of compartments required for effective rearing of local chicken livestockkenya.com/.../...
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Queenvider
0 # Queenvider 2013-09-10 20:18
And the economic implications in terms of returns on investment
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palmtri
0 # palmtri 2013-10-01 18:07
this article is quite enlightening.me think layers are more profitable than broilers.i have done broiler farming n i need to try this thou the initial capital is quite intimidating.
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zarry
0 # zarry 2013-10-24 20:55
thanks for such a detailed information. However,i would request if you could give us more information starting from buying i one day chick for proper budgeting. Thanks
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Nairo Sam
0 # Nairo Sam 2013-12-23 13:50
Hello thanks for this, though I must mention that due to inflation the 2x2 wood is now 40/-. But iit gives an ideo of the scale, lovely. Would thi setup work for ducks? I heardt they can be prolific layers, and better foragers especially around water bodies, like a fish pond.....
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Philip Yogo
0 # Philip Yogo 2013-12-30 14:55
Thank you so much for the info, i have successfully built the chicken house at almost the same cost as you had estimated. am now debating whether to raise broilers or layers. Regards and happy new year
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jane
0 # jane 2014-01-22 12:49
I appreciate this guideline i want to put up mine this year November but am a little bit financial unstable what is the costs of the project of 100 chicks before layers start to lay eggs
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gbenga olarewaju
0 # gbenga olarewaju 2014-06-26 20:24
Fast info goodwork
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cathy M
0 # cathy M 2014-08-19 13:43
Hi Admin ,i have just seen this website ,it is soo informative. I have 500 layers and their production after changing feed has gone down by around 20%.Its been two weeks now,Should i switch back to the feed I was using or just wait for a while.
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agosta
0 # agosta 2014-11-11 11:50
Thanks for this informative article, I'm venturing into poultry farming and I'd like to know if you can supplement the recommended feeds with other locally available alternatives
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