HomePoultryWhat you need to succeed in broilers farming in Kenya

What you need to succeed in broilers farming in Kenya

BroilersMany people are interested in broilers farming in Kenya. Broilers are meat birds often referred to as fryers in some places. They are bred to grow fast so that they are ready for the dinner table between 4 and 10 weeks of age. Currently in Kenya there seems to be a huge demand for broilers which may not be satisfied any time soon. But the catch is to know the market, i.e. whom are you producing for?

Broilers are sold between 1. 5 and 3 kg live weight depending on consumers’ preferences and market demands. Finding out the market outlets should be the first task before investing in broiler production. You ought to make marketing arrangements with local hotels, restaurants, cafeterias, groceries, and other regular users before rearing broilers for sale. This will ensure timely and regular orders for the birds and that no birds are left unsold.

Sell graded or classified birds because proper grading or classification attracts different types of consumers. This will also enable the consumers to make purchasing decision on bird size at hand. Broilers are judged on cleanliness and the valuable meat areas i.e. large breasts and thighs. They should also be appealing when dressed out, which means they should not have any skin imperfections or broken wing feathers. After dressing place them in seal bags and only show the broilers that look perfect.

Don’t forget to keep records of your expenses. It may cost more to raise broilers than to buy them at the supermarket, but the recreation and satisfaction derived offset the higher cost. In addition, manure and litter from broiler production can be used as organic manure.

Housing preparation

Broilers are relatively easy to rear. Before bringing in the chicks, the whole house should be disinfected and brooder rings placed in the house. These rings create a microclimate relative to the rest of the room to prevent drafts and keep the birds warm and near the feed and water. The waterers in the brooder rings must be kept filled. When the birds arrive, they are placed into the brooder rings and introduced to the waterers and feed.

To start of, feed is placed in the feeder lids or plastic feeder trays in the ratio of one per 100 chicks. Feed can also be spread on paper placed on the floor to encourage young birds to eat. Gradually remove the feeder lids or trays, replacing them with the adult feeders. By the time the birds are ten days old, all the lids and trays should have been removed.

Normally, broilers are brooded in a portion of the house until a certain age before being given access to the entire house. The house should be divided so that 33% of the cage is destined for chickens in their two to four week age period. The 66% remaining space is destined for the broiler chickens in the four to eight week age period. The floor has litter made of straw, wood shavings, or some other material that absorbs moisture, keeping the birds clean. Have enough floor space for each bird to at least one square foot from age six to ten weeks. After ten weeks they will need at least two to three square feet per bird.

Don’t provide perches for broilers. They are not developed to perch, and a perch can also cause deformities in the legs and breast.

Feeding broilers

The three common mistakes in feeding are: inconsistent feeding, overfeeding, and underfeeding. Feed is the greatest expense in commercial poultry establishments, therefore it is important to purchase feed from reputable millers who can assure consistency in the quality and performance of the feed.

Broilers need quality ration.  Ready mixed feeds that are recommended for growing lots of meat on these broilers are available at local feed stores. You can mix your own feed for say twenty five broilers, but in most cases it is not any cheaper and can be quite a bother to mix thoroughly when you can buy it already mixed. Always follow the manufacturer instructions on the feed and avoid mixing feeds from several millers, adding other protein sources and mineral salts as this changes the balance in the feed thereby affecting performance. Consult your nearest livestock extension officers if you need help on how to vary the feed.

During the first three weeks broilers need a feed that consists of twenty to twenty-four percent protein. The broiler starter crumbs/mash is excellent during this period. At four to six weeks the broilers are placed on a broiler finisher mash which gives them an increased energy level and also reduces the protein level. Some people give pellets to broilers from six weeks until it is time to slaughter.  Mix the two rations so that the change is gradual during the changing period of the rations. An abrupt change is stressful to the birds and can affect performance. Vitamins can be provided during this time to reduce the stress.

Provide up to 2 weeks 5 cm and from 3 weeks to finish 10 cm linear feeder space per bird.

Raise the level of the feeder as the birds grow. Do not fill the feeder more than half. If tube feeders are used, provide 3 feeders of 12 kg capacity per 100 chicks.

Some people separate male and female birds, a practice called separate-sex feeding. Separate-sex feeding accomplishes a number of goals. When birds are separated and fed according to gender (versus rearing males and females together), there is more uniformity among males and among females in the flock. Separation of the birds also allows producers to feed diets that more closely meet the nutritional needs of the male and female birds.

Water, temperature and ventilation

A broiler will drink approx. 2 litres of water for every kilogram of feed consumed. This means that it takes around 3. 5 litres of water for every kilogram of bird grown, that is if an average life time feed conversion of 1. 75 is assumed. When broilers are heat stressed, they increase consumption of water in an effort to cool down.

Wash and disinfect chick drinkers daily. Use a reliable water sanitizer like chlorine to control disease-causing organisms in the water. Ensure the drinkers are filled with fresh water after washing and never allow the drinkers to go dry.

Distribute drinkers evenly throughout the whole house, alternating them with the feeders so that they are easily accessible to all birds. The furthest distance to the next waterer or drinker should be 1.5 meters. Provide one chick fount for 75 chicks during the first week and gradually replace them with the regular drinkers. Always adjust the drinkers and feeders levels as the birds grow to ensure that the equipment is always slightly above the level of the birds’ backs to minimize spillage.

Chickens need a lot of air circulation so it's best to keep the doors and windows open to provide natural ventilation. Make certain that the broilers do not overheat by ensuring room temperature of about 18 to 24 degrees centigrade. In case of overheating cool the birds by using fans and other types of ventilation.

Lighting

Broilers are grown using 24 hours of light because lighting increases body weight gain and improves their feather growth. One or two 40-watt bulbs hung over the pen are adequate for most home projects.

Diseases and vaccinations

The greatest risk to a broiler operation is infectious diseases and every attempt must be made to control and prevent them. To detect diseases in their early stages the producer should be aware of the daily status of the birds. This can be judged from the behavior of the birds, droppings, feed intake, and death rates.

Broilers are much more susceptible to metabolic diseases than other categories of chicken. Tremendous improvement in growth rates and feed efficiency has unfortunately, resulted in complications. Selective breeding for greedy birds and the addition of growth-promoters to the feed have resulted in an end-product twice as heavy at seven weeks as ordinary chickens.  Broilers sometimes can be so crippled that they cannot walk; consequently they die from starvation and dehydration. Metabolic diseases such as ascites, sudden death syndrome, fatty liver and kidney syndrome, and tibial dyschondroplasia (td) have become the serious health problems of fast growing broilers and cause enormous economic losses. Collecting dead birds if any should be a daily task.

A vaccination program is essential in flock health management. Review the program and seek approval from an experienced veterinarian in case of any changes. When vaccinating through drinking water, the water supply system should be completely free of chlorine, medication and other chemical agents for 48 hours prior to and 24 hours after vaccination. The birds should consume the vaccine within 2 hours after mixing it with water.

Broilers should be vaccinated against infectious bronchitis (IB), new castle disease (NCD) and infectious bursa disease (IBD / Gumboro).

 
Age Vaccination Method
Day 9 - 12 IB + NCD Eye drop / Drinking water
Day 14 - 16 Gumboro Drinking water
Day 18 - 20 IB + NCD Eye drop / Drinking water
Day 21 - 24 Gumboro Drinking water

Administer vitamins for a day or two after every vaccination to reduce stress.

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naser
-1 # naser 2011-11-14 15:08
thank you a lot
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NANCY
+2 # NANCY 2012-04-22 11:28
thanks for your advice . I have my first stock of Broilers ready for sale after 3 weeks. place your order
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Alice N. chege
0 # Alice N. chege 2012-06-13 14:47
My broilers are 4 weeks old. Who is willing to buy? I am at Kahawa West
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raynold
+2 # raynold 2014-01-19 13:23
if u stil av ready chicken cal or txt me on 0723438763.
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esther
0 # esther 2014-04-14 13:22
Do you still require chicken? How many do you need & how often do you require them? I'm situated in Nairobi & I'm selling broilers weighing 1.5kg+.
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henry githua
-4 # henry githua 2012-06-27 09:53
well balanced article.
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Ndeta Bonface
-2 # Ndeta Bonface 2012-06-28 15:53
I am thinking of investing heavily in broilers.I have enough capital and i want to start at once.Who can take me through this venture from the start to the finish line,including but not limited to feed suppliers,chicks suppliers,medics and so on??
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joe ndetei
-2 # joe ndetei 2012-07-05 06:35
Anyone wants to purchase 1.5 kg broilers at tassia nairobi. contact me 0737273999
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nancy
0 # nancy 2012-07-05 18:41
Quoting joe ndetei:
Anyone wants to purchase 1.5 kg broilers at tassia nairobi. contact me 0737273999

nancy tel me more detail, are they alive , net weight etc on 0726981008
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nancy
-3 # nancy 2012-07-05 18:39
let me know how much you are selling your broilers and in what condition . nancy Thika
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angeline
+4 # angeline 2012-08-07 17:44
i keep broilers in Kitengela for purchase
please call me on 072286682 angeline
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angeline
-1 # angeline 2012-08-07 17:48
I keep broilers in Kitengela & sell them you can get me on 0722866872
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mwaniki githinji
+2 # mwaniki githinji 2012-08-13 22:18
chicken available for sale, average weight and perfect hygiene maintained. contact mwaniki githinji(manager) 0706283296.
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kizito
0 # kizito 2012-08-15 12:09
We have broiler ready in Nairobi, Kakamega and Kimilili, at a very affordable price. we also supply one day old chicks, fresh and good quality eggs both indigenous and Grade call +254724669095, +254786669095. go to www.wafchick.com to order.
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wafchick
+1 # wafchick 2012-08-15 12:23
we supply Broiler in Nairobi, Kakamega, Kimilili and its environs.we also have one day old chicks,fresh eggs both indigenous and grade. Call +254724669095, +254786669095 or go to www.wafchick.com to order.
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timothy 2012
+1 # timothy 2012 2012-08-29 21:28
Hi, I keep broiler chickens for sale Slaughtered( Dressed chicken). Weight between 1.2kgs to 1.5kgs.
Price is Ksh. 380/= depending with number of pcs being purchased.
0727-95-61-61
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Winston Ochieng, DayBreak Poultry
+1 # Winston Ochieng, DayBreak Poultry 2012-11-18 12:23
We've successfully kept Kukus in Syokimau area. If you need from this area, will supply orders of five pieces or more. Weight 1.2 to 1.8kg. Price from sh350 a piece. Let us know: 0722224426, 0734563425, 0700008124, 0752224426. Service With A Smile. God Bless You.
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joshua
+2 # joshua 2012-11-19 17:03
I have some broilers for sale beginning 27/11 at kandisi ongata rongai - 0724394620
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florencee
0 # florencee 2012-12-05 14:50
Have broilers ready for sale thru out the year.hv bn supplying to restaurants in nairobi. Whole sale price 360 per piece.
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danny
0 # danny 2012-12-13 18:11
I have broilers for sale between 1.2 to 1.5kg. Long term orders welcome. contact 0722239085
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fundi wycliffe
+1 # fundi wycliffe 2012-12-25 18:39
kirata poultry farm-Thigingi
we have broilers/chicken meat at shs 300 per kg
we also have kenbro,sasso,dorep and kienyeji
0720 046 770
0750 046 770
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Della
0 # Della 2014-04-10 05:17
Dear Sir,
Hebei Allround Wire Mesh Manufacture Co., Ltd. Company here, exporting poultry equipment with good quality and low price in China.
Write me back, let's talk details.
Best regards.

Sincerely,
Miss Della Qi
Hebei Allround Wire Mesh Manufacture Co., Ltd
Email:
Skype:della.qi1
Msn:
Website:www.allroundmetal.en.alibaba.com
Tel: 86-311-89259929
Fax:86-311-66682667
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Eric Bororio
0 # Eric Bororio 2013-02-27 19:08
We have about 300 broilers for sale in Nanyuki. Sale price is Kshs 325 per piece wholesale and unslaughtered.
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linus mwaura
0 # linus mwaura 2013-08-03 18:53
hallo. am in search of broiler parent flock{this are broiler chicken that can lay eggs for incubating]. read your post and decided to ask if you have them and if so what cost of one.at current time my incubators can take 300 egg so i might need 15 hen en 5 cock.kindly reply
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Eric Bororio
-1 # Eric Bororio 2013-02-27 19:16
Oops I forgot to put in my telephone contacts.
0722489672/ 0725110579. 300 briolers for sale@ Kshs 325 farm gate price (slightly negotiable)
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brenda moraa
+2 # brenda moraa 2013-04-05 22:55
thinking of starting up, what was your budget/starting capital, how long did it take you till you actually got something to sell? how was the maintenance? how did you learn how to maintain, feed, keep them disease free?anyone care to advise?
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popu
0 # popu 2013-04-07 12:14
I am in Uganda and have good quality broilers for sale at 7000 Uganda shillings. If you are interested in buying, please contact me on +256772929539 or .
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Della
0 # Della 2014-04-10 05:18
Dear Sir,
Good day!
We are poultry equipment supplier,and we have researched & designed some new products.
If you are interested in, I 'll send you our catalogue.
Thanks for your valuable time.

Regards.
Yours,
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Kelvyne
0 # Kelvyne 2013-05-10 12:41
want to start n a m planning anyone willing to mentor me on it?
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linus mwaura
0 # linus mwaura 2013-06-17 19:09
am a chicken farmer who is currently keeping layers chicken and i am looking forward to diversify my flock and start keeping broiler chicken. kindly inform me where i can buy broiler parent flock
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justus muimi kaki
-1 # justus muimi kaki 2013-07-30 20:38
I keep Broilers in Tulia/Mutonguni and i can supply in Kitui town,mwingi,matuu,kabati or within Kitui county.My telephone number is 0722365842
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linus mwaura
-1 # linus mwaura 2013-08-03 19:00
am looking for broiler parent flock that is broiler chicken that can lay eggs to be incubated,my current incubator can hold 300 eggs .so i might need 15 hens 5 cocks all broiler breed.if you can help me i will be very greatful, my email is assist me if you can .looking forward to your reply
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Edwin Onyango
-1 # Edwin Onyango 2013-08-28 18:42
I have Chicken Nipple Drinkers for sale @95/= that will help you reduce chances of disease contraction through contaminated water eg Coccidiosis, less labor intensive since you don't have to refill water regularly. They also ensure clean water supply always. Also, no more quail drowning if you have Nipple Drinkers, Long lasting and easy to install; screws on regular PVC Pipes, Buckets, water bottles etc. Kindly get in touch with me; 0753636668 or find me on Facebook; Eddy's Poultry Nipples for more info. Pipes not included
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Michael Ndeda
0 # Michael Ndeda 2013-09-15 21:15
I raise broilers in Vihiga County, currently I have 600 birds to be ready by 4th of October 2013. Well raised in proper hygienic conditions. Place an order
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tabitha gutu
0 # tabitha gutu 2013-09-19 14:33
am in mumias Kenya n nid around 100 kenbro chicks,any1 who kan contact me via 0725227761
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Ndabua Famas
0 # Ndabua Famas 2013-09-22 07:14
I train on broiler keeping through my consultants department. I also do keep them. Kindly get intouch with me via email or ring me 0712370192

Please note we have online materials as well online consultancy that will ease your transport cost. Our services are at fee as well but you will really enjoy it both financially and build your confidence
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Ndabua Famas
-1 # Ndabua Famas 2013-09-22 07:26
I have 300broilers ready for the market as from 7th Oct and another lot 400 of them by 23rd Oct. Live weight estimated 2kg. Please place the booking from me. Ring 0724272722 ,or email.
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ANTHONY NJOKA
0 # ANTHONY NJOKA 2013-11-01 22:34
I disagree with the author concerning lighting programme for broilers.Research indicates that programme for 6 hours darkness improves development of immunity and reduce mortality due to ascites,overweight,stroke and spiking.However, first 5-7 days after chicks placement 24 hours lighting system is optimal for feed consumption rapid growth development and immunity.
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Gitau
0 # Gitau 2013-11-08 14:32
I have broilers ready for sale in sagana.place your order on 0734588286
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sashafarmproducts
0 # sashafarmproducts 2013-11-15 18:08
i started this venture few month ago and its doing well the first thing is to secure the market since the broilers takes like 4 to 5 weeks to mature still looking for more market contact sammy 0720781218 or
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Incubatorforegg
+1 # Incubatorforegg 2014-01-02 07:23
provide China cheap price high quality egg incubator for 40 to 30000 chicken eggs.
Cindy Han

0086-13869207072
www.incubatorforegg.com

for more information, pls call me or send mail to me. Thanks a lot.
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raynold
0 # raynold 2014-01-12 22:19
I need a supplier to supply broiler chicken for my restaurant in roysambu along lumumba drive(200m before pan Africa university)send an sms to 0723438763
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kirui
0 # kirui 2014-01-25 22:46
6 weeks old well maintained broilers for sale. Contact me on 0726989302.I am located in Dagoreti corner. Over 200 kukus up for grabs
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Della
0 # Della 2014-04-10 05:20
Dear Sir,
Nice day for you!Thanks for taking time to read my instruction.
This is Della from Hebei Allround Wire Mesh Manufacture Co.Ltd.We supply Poultry Automatic Equipment with good quality and favorable price,including watering,feeding,egg collection,manure removing and temperature control,disinfection systems.
Sample & Catalogue will be sent if needed!
More details,Pls contact us.
Best regards,
Della
Miss Della Qi
Hebei Allround Wire Mesh Manufacture Co., Ltd
Email:
Skype:della.qi1
Msn:
Website:www.allroundmetal.en.alibaba.com
Tel: 86-311-89259929
Fax:86-311-66682667
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ELIJAH K
0 # ELIJAH K 2014-04-23 16:13
Instead of using electricity which brings you a high bill, it is advisable to use briquettes (carbonized agromass) in warming chicks. these are very cheap and they dont produce any smoke at all. these briquettes look just like the charcoal and their price is kshs 800 per bag.

we at lean energy solutions produce this
contact, 0729632133
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Beatrice Nyambura
0 # Beatrice Nyambura 2014-04-27 05:43
I have broilers for sale.My farm is in Nakuru,Lanet. Contact me. 0726 282522
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Lucy Ngata
0 # Lucy Ngata 2014-05-19 16:30
I have mature broilers 6 weeks old well maintained for sale. Contact me on 0721481053.I am located in Ruiru.
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Sally E
+1 # Sally E 2014-06-16 18:48
my broilers are eight weeks already and still very small and not ready what should i do to help them grow faster.
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Polasmo
0 # Polasmo 2014-07-19 00:06
I have broilers , large quantity,(60,000) any one interested contact me 0721 531 635.
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Nicasio
0 # Nicasio 2014-07-27 19:36
am in Embu. need broilers call 0720570449
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